Oops... Wrong scale!
Picture this; you have bought or built a (second home) villa or finca on the Costa Blanca and put a lot of energy into decorating it. Everything seems to be organized to perfection: the floor, the colours for the walls and the curtains. The kitchen and furniture were also delivered on time. The moment that everything is completely furnished and you go to live there, you notice that there are some things that have just not turned out the way you wanted. The door to the terrace is in the wrong place, the couch is too small and you lack storage space or practical spaces such as a utility room or laundry room. But you had thought of everything, right? It may be that during the most important phase of construction or renovation, the preparation phase, you paid too little attention to designing a good floor plan. Which always forms the basis of every new space to be set up, regardless of size or function. Below we explain what a floor plan is and what you should pay attention to.
A floor plan is a drawing with dimensions that show the relationship between rooms, spaces and material properties by means of a top view. Floor plans help with visualizing how people will move through a room. They make it easy to determine if a room is suitable for its intended use, to solve any problems and to adjust the design before the next step in the process is started. It can also be fun to experiment with multiple, alternative designs and circulation flows.
A well-known architect, Jean Nouvel once said: "Space, space: architects always talk about space! But creating a space is not automatically doing architecture. With the same space, you can make a masterpiece or cause a disaster."
The following applies to both a smaller home and a large restaurant; the floor plan is fundamental when designing and creating a logical space that meets the needs of end users.
This floor plan we designed for a ’boutique style’ restaurant
Circulation and flow
In a room where people live, work, shop or meet each other, the layout and the flow thereof determine whether the environment is experienced as pleasant and useful. Proper circulation depends on the purpose for which the space is to be used: in a store you want to determine which route visitors take and in a museum you want to prevent bottlenecks. By applying sightlines (a sightline is a fictional line between the observer and an object or space that he is viewing) spaces that are the same size can feel very different.
A customized floor plan of each room in seven steps
What do you need for a floor plan that ultimately meets all wishes and requirements? We have divided the process into seven steps to provide a clear overview.
1. List of requirements and wishes. Make an extensive list of wishes of the people who will use the space and also write down what they would need in practical matters.
2 Measure. Make sure you use the correct dimensions in your floor plan; definitely measure everything a second time. You must measure this:
- The total area that the space occupies, including exterior walls, doors or other entrances and windows
- The total length of each wall and the distance from floor to ceiling
- The position of sockets, switches and other control points
- Fixed elements: all architectural elements such as kitchen, fireplace, shelves and cabinets and built-in fixed furniture
- Surrounding space and dimensions of elements outside and the position from where they are on your floor plan, think of the terrace, outdoor kitchen and garage
- Other objects that will be in the room
3 Scale. Floor plans must be drawn to scale. The used scale is then applied to all other objects that will be included in the floor plan, such as furniture or a bar in a restaurant.
4. Sight lines and circulation. What do you want to see when you stand, sit or work? Think of windows, doors and walls. What placements makes the most sense for how you want to use the space. How is the routing of the space, how are you going to move through the space?
5 Drawing. Compile your floor plan together with all the above elements.
6 Evaluate. Look at your wish list again. Evaluate the classification and also analyse the circulation. Other factors that you can consider are usable space, privacy and accessibility.
7 Share. Work together and have someone else check your floor plan so that you can get feedback about the design.
This floor plan we designed for a luxury villa in Altea Hills, Spain
When selling a property
Are you planning to sell your villa or finca on the Costa Blanca? Be aware that floor plans strengthen the insight of real estate buyers. With a good floor plan, the property will succeed in the online pre-inspection phase and work effectively in the imagination phase. To captivate buyers, you combine professional photos that convey the beauty of the spaces and a floor plan that reflects the functionality of the home. With a floor plan, the home gets the serious attention it deserves and the online listing will yield much more home inspections!
A property will sell much faster when a good floor plan is available in the online listing